File Virus

A file virus attacks executable program files (files with extension .COM and .EXE). It may replace a portion of the original file with its own code, thus destroying the file, or it may attach itself to the file and yet allow the file to be executed. Examples of file viruses are Raindrop and Jerusalem-B.

Once an infected file is executed, the virus finds itself in the main or internal memory. It continues to exist in the memory even after the file has completed execution. When another file is executed, the virus attaches itself to this file and writes the modified file onto the disk, thus causing one more file to become infected. Some viruses infect a file only once, while others infect a file each time it is executed. The virus continues to infect files till the machine is switched off or re-booted.